I recently tried to clone an openSUSE VirtualBox image. I thought it would be as simple as just copying the virtual disk image (vdi) file and create a new virtual machine based on it. So that’s what i did. But when i tried to couple the new hard disk file to the virtual machine VirtualBox gave me the following error:
Apparently a new virtual disk image in VirtualBox needs a unique identifier key. So after some research i found out it’s possible to make a clone of a hard disk that has a different unique identifier. But unfortunately that’s not all of the story. You have to make some additional changes to the clone to make it all work. So here are the steps you need to follow to make a successful clone.
1. Clone the hard disk
To clone the hard disk open a terminal window and issue the following command:
VBoxManage clonevdi <original>.vdi <clone>.vdi
2. Create a new Virtual Machine
Now create a new virtual machine with basically the same settings as the original virtual machine and couple it to the new cloned virtual disk image. As this image has been given a new unique identifier, you should have no problem registering it now.
3. Alter the hard disk identifiers
Having cloned the virtual disk image, i thought i was ready to roll. But on startup i encountered the following problem:
Apparently part of the UUID of the virtual disk image is used to identify the hard disk on startup. We have to change these references to their appropriate new ids.
3a. Startup in rescue mode
3b. Mount the hard disk
Login as root and mount the hard disk (on my system this was /dev/sda2, this could be different on your system) via the following command:
mount /dev/sda2 /mnt
3c. Alter the identifiers
Now first find out what the new identifier of the hard disks should be. Issue the following command
hdparm -i /dev/sda
Note the identifier called SerialNo. This is the one you need. On my system it was VBa79c17fb-f28bb7c1.
Now there are 2 files you need to alter. First edit the file /mnt/etc/fstab and alter all the identifiers between /dev/disk/by-id/ata-VBOX_HARDDISK_ and -partx with the new identifier.
Next make corresponding changes to the file /mnt/boot/grub/menu.lst.
After this you can reboot the system
shutdown now -r
4. Repair your network settings
If you made no typos, openSUSE should start up with no problems. There’s one piece of configuration to do though. The clone has messed up the network configuration. This can be easily repaired via the YaST GUI tool. Open it and select Network Devices > Network Settings. You should see 2 Ethernet Controllers. One of them is not configured. Configure this controller with default settings and delete the other one. Now your clone is ready for use.